Writer and editor James Trainor’s recent essay in Artsy about the Hudson Valley art scene — obnoxiously titled “The Hinterlands: Can artists and dealers change the creative and economic landscape of Upstate New York?” — reads like a call to artist-saviors to move up the Hudson in order to colonize the virgin, green Hinterlands in the name of high culture. A long quote right from the first paragraph, ostensibly about a 2008 work by Swoon, gives away Trainor’s view:
The freak flag armada paid calls at numerous river towns and sagging mill cities along the way — Hudson, Kingston, Beacon — depressed communities then experiencing one degree or another of cultural and economic revival. Intentionally or not, the Huck Finn-meets-hippie-steampunk art action tapped into (and in some sense symbolically upended) a complex, unequal, and long-standing symbiotic cultural relationship between New York City and its upstate hinterlands, a push-pull codependency that has centered, both geographically and psychologically, on the axial artery of the Hudson River Valley.
Trainor’s account, even while allowing the critical potential of Swoon’s work, suggests a view of the Hudson Valley as a hinterland, uncharted and unknown (though codependent!) — not, as is actually the case, a place with a cultural economy that’s long sustained itself and even helped shape art and material practices that have redefined the way “centrists” in New York City view themselves.
Reading on in Trainor’s essay, we find: “backwoods boot camps,” “the cultural dominance of the city center to the periphery,” and finally, “cultural and economic revival” (emphasis mine) — as if these expressions were sufficient to describe the Hudson Valley, as if the area had no prior lived history in art and life. Though he name-checks good people who moved up the Hudson recently to live and start up art spaces around the area, Trainor chooses to ignore the longer history of art, art production, and culture in the area. In doing so he offers a static, sui generis, ahistorical account that has a “Gentrifier’s Manifesto” vibe.
Never mind that in 1825, Thomas Cole, a working-class English émigré landscape painter, sailed up the Hudson River and helped shape the first homegrown American “school” of painting, the Hudson River School. Cole and his friends and students were interested in painting the sublime, that great pictorial index of the Second Great Awakening, and sailed up and down the Hudson River to paint landscapes around the Catskill Mountains. Eventually Cole, and later his principal student, Frederic Church, moved up to the Catskills to paint nearly full time. Church became the recognized leader of the movement and helped propose new accounts of life grounded not only in representations of the sublime, but also in active engagement with, and stewardship of, nature. You can trace the roots of current practices in environmentally conscious art, eco-art, to the Hudson River School. Indeed, a wide range of practices and collectives umbrellaed under that rather bland term are thriving in the Hudson Valley.
Around the same time that Cole and his colleagues were defining the terms of an genuinely American art, local Newburgher Andrew Jackson Downing was developing new modes of horticulture based on sustainability and employing them in landscape gardening and architecture. Interested in Romanticism and urbanism, Downing was commissioned by President Fillmore to develop the spaces around the Mall in Washington, DC, and although his plans were never fully implemented, whatever bits Congress funded are what you see around the Smithsonian museums today. One of his disciples, Frederick Law Olmstead, designed a rather famous large park according to Downing’s views on living culture: Central Park. The New York City landmark is part of the history of art and life in the Hudson Valley that I love.
Trainor writes anecdotally about the gallery and experimental project spaces that really have engaged new and developing communities of residents and visitors upstate. But his account focuses on the experiences of recent New York transplants, only reinforcing the model of the displaced city art-worlder as savior of down-and-out towns. In fact, the Hudson Valley is home to a large number of local institutions that have long been doing their share to offer art and cultural amenities. Take the Hessel Museum at Bard College, the Frances Lehman Loeb Art Center at Vassar College, and the various small and large art spaces at SUNY campuses. Take Ann Street Gallery in Newburgh, around since 2007; it shows emerging contemporary work in a space as large as any in Chelsea and has programming as current as any on the Lower East Side. Trainor isn’t interested in the entrepreneurs and artists who’ve worked in the Hudson Valley for decades, and whose work makes the art you see in the city — so, no mention of Dick Polich, the founder and owner of Polich Tallix fine art foundry in Rock Tavern, which fabricates all the Koons piece that people have been going gaga over (among others). The artists and craftspeople who’ve been fabricating monumentally scaled sculptures since the late ’60s right here in the Hudson Valley would be surprised to hear that the work they do came from some sodden hinterland in need of saving.
The Hudson Valley doesn’t need more house-flipping believers in Manifest Destiny; it needs voyagers and adventurers like the advocates of art and life people now call the “Hudson River School,” who want to seek out new possibilities, push on despite challenges, put roots deep in the ground, who have long-term views on life and dwelling, who work hard yet wish to leave as little disturbed in their path as possible. If you’re one of those, come join us. We’ve been waiting for you.
Art Problems: How Do I Get a Public Art Commission?
Want to leave a mark on your city or town, but don’t know where to start? Paddy Johnson has some tips.
Rose B. Simpson Embeds Ancestral Histories in Clay
She has taken clay and used it to recall its ancestral roots in Pueblo culture and address the present history of postcolonial recovery and ongoing trauma.
Mondays at Pratt Institute: Weekly Openings of Work by Graduating Artists
Free and open to the public, Pratt Shows celebrate the school’s graduating students. MFA and BFA work on view this spring in Brooklyn, New York.
Quiet Paintings at a Time of Sensory Overload
Where Kim Mikyung’s process suggests an obsessive burrowing into the self, Kim Hyung-dae casts his gaze upward and outward into the sky.
Is the “Free the Nipple” Movement Too White?
Online representations of the activists lean White and thin, creating an image problem for the movement.
LSU School of Art Grants Highest MFA Stipends in the Southern US
With funded assistantships, full tuition waivers, and generous stipends, Louisiana State University helps students lay the groundwork for a successful lifelong art practice.
New “We ❤️ NYC” Campaign Misses the Mark
The recently unveiled design is meant to live alongside the iconic original and specifically address the city, but New Yorkers are not happy.
1,000+ Objects at The Met Linked to Antiquities Smugglers
A report by the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists revealed hundreds of works once owned by people accused of or convicted of antiquities crimes.
School of the Art Institute of Chicago Offers Summer Art and Design Courses Online and On-Campus
Emerging and established artists can choose from over 50 Adult Continuing Education courses at one of the most influential art and design schools in the US.
Lunar Bead Necklace and Asteroid “Emoji” Head to Auction
Christie’s bizarre sale features other space rocks propped up on stands like sculptures.
Scientists Create the First Full Brain Map of a Fly
The achievement is a giant step toward understanding human neural networks.
IDSVA Offers a Non-Studio PhD in Visual Arts: Philosophy, Aesthetics, and Art Theory
With no campus, the Institute for Doctoral Studies in the Visual Arts is a truly nomadic institution, existing everywhere our students and faculty are.
Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum Closes Over Climate Protest
The institution shuttered in advance of an action planned for the 33rd anniversary of its infamous art heist.
Remembering the Migrants Who Died in US Detention
Artist Jackie Amézquita will lead a caravan of trucks with the names of the deceased to LA sites representing systems of oppression and solidarity for immigrants.
Trainor’s article doesn’t really say the Hudson scene needs saving. He seems to be talking about the potential impact of more creatives adding to the existing scene.
I’m curious if you’ve written anything about the Hudson scene prior to taking down Trainor’s piece. I know blowing holes in someone else’s perspective is the style of the day, but you have good insight into the Hudson area – you could promote the region with a positive, informed piece i/o waiting for someone to misrepresent it and going into attack mode.
I’m all in favor of ripping apart gentrifying, patronizing “place-making” language but I find the historical analysis here is factually problematic. Cole and other genre painters of the Sublime were actually propagandists of Manifest Destiny, at least initially. Their movement up river was spurred by some of the same rhetoric spouted here. If that changed, it was only later on as proximity bred familiarity with wild places and native people.
As an artist and life-long resident of the Hudson Valley, I can attest that Faheem Haider is on the scene. If a Brooklyn-centric analogy is helpful, think of him as the Loren Munk of the HV, with dapper suits instead of a bicycle helmet. Focusing on the art scene here in the Hudson Valley, Faheem has articulated a point of view that equates gentrification with Colonialism, and it is fitting and in an entirely affirming spirit that he takes on Trainor’s puff piece.
I was as happy as anyone to see Roos Arts and other venues get some props – I love Heige Kim and am affiliated with the gallery, but Trainor could have dug a little deeper into Rosendale’s art community, especially Women’s Studio Workshop, which has been in existence since the 1970’s. And to read yet more attention heaped on Basilica Hudson without a peep about TSL Warehouse is just shallow. Faheem isn’t some troll waiting to attack. There are scores of articles like Trainor’s with packs of cheerleaders behind them. I believe what Faheem means when he says ‘the Hudson Valley Art scene does not need saving’ is that the scene was going strong even before Swoon came sailing in to help him ‘discover’ it. For many of us it’s not just a lifestyle choice; it’s a life.
Forget the Hudson scene. If you are a city slicker looking to “save” an upstate area, you can
drive 1 1/2 hours further and come to the Mohawk valley. There’s plenty
of room for saviors up here.
I work in the local art scene extensively on a daily basis. I create digital large format fine art prints for artists, designers, and photographers. Its no surprise that we are, to an extent, carried by NYC in general. The arts in the region got hit hard just like any other business during the economic down turn. Go down any main street in Orange County and you will still see houses foreclosed and for sale. Any revival and stability in the art community wont happen because of NYC people moving north, it will happen with a better economy, lower (and predictable) land taxes, and more emphasis on the community by government and small businesses. There needs to be greater emphasis on new and younger talent. There can be a sense of an avant garde when it comes to art shows locally. The art scene in the region is doing just fine and will continue to improve.
Comments are closed.