Photo Essays

Looking at Asia Through the Traveler’s Eye

Chinese Girls in Jinrikisha  China, Early 20th Century  Picture postcard Publisher: Kingshill, Shanghai  Russell Hamilton Postcard and Photograph  Collection, ca. 1895-1909  Freer Gallery of Art and the Arthur M. Sackler  Gallery Archives, SA A2001.13 045
“Chinese Girls in Jinrikisha,” China, Early 20th Century Picture postcard. Publisher: Kingshill, Shanghai. Russell Hamilton Postcard and Photograph Collection, ca. 1895-1909 (Image courtesy of the Freer Gallery of Art and the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives)

Charles Lang Freer and Ernst Herzfeld and are two names most people wouldn’t recognize, yet both men were extremely instrumental in shaping the West’s perception of Asia. In the late 19th century and early 20th century, Freer traveled throughout China, Japan, and Sri Lanka, amassing an enormous art collection that would introduce many Americans to Asian art. Herzfeld was an obsessive archaeologist whose careful excavation sketches in Iraq, Iran, Syria, and Turkey brought their ancient cultures to life.

The Traveler’s Eye: Scenes of Asia at the Smithsonian’s Arthur M. Sackler Gallery includes drawings, diary entries, photographs, and objects collected by both men during their journeys — among many other representations of travel through Asia from the industrial era. “The golden age of international travel saw an unprecedented stream of new visitors to Asia and the Near East, bringing back mementos of their experiences,” said David Hogge, head of the Freer and Sackler Archives. “Those mementos, be they archaeological data of a preeminent Near East scholar, the photographs of a famous art collector, or the cheap, diverse postcards found at nearly every tourist destination, formed and informed our perceptions of Asia and its cultures.”

But the show isn’t just about the West’s perception of Asia; it also examines works by Asian artists over the past 500 years — from East Asian scrolls and Japanese woodblock prints to maps and photography — that explore the theme of travel. “Whether they were collected as mementos, or whether they provided virtual experiences for those who remained at home, each has an extraordinary immediacy,” Debra Diamond, curator of South and Southeast Asian art, wrote in a press release. “Looking up at the misty peaks in a large Chinese painting of traveling merchants, one clearly sees how a master artist conveyed both the texture of daily life and awesome beauty … Encountering these works invites our visitors — especially those who have traveled to the exhibition — to think about how they might record and remember their own journeys.”

"No. 17 - Desert Transport, Iraq"  Turkey, Early 20th century  Color photomechanical printed postcard Publisher: A & K Naman, Baghdad  Myron Bement Smith Collection  Freer Gallery of Art and the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives, FSA A.04  pc180
“No. 17 – Desert Transport, Iraq,” Turkey, Early 20th century, Color photomechanical printed postcard. Publisher: A & K Naman, Baghdad, Myron Bement Smith Collection (Image courtesy of the Freer Gallery of Art and the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives)
Kawasaki station, from Fifty-three Stations Along  the Tokaido (Tokaido Gojusan-tsugi) Utagawa Hiroshige (1797–1858)  Japan, Edo period, 1855  Woodblock print; ink and colors on paper  H x W: 34.3 x 22.5 cm  Gift of Victor and Takako Hauge, Freer Study  Collection, Freer Gallery of Art, FSC-GR-705.3
Utagawa Hiroshige (1797–1858), “Kawasaki station, from Fifty-three Stations Along the Tokaido” (Tokaido Gojusan-tsugi), Japan, Edo period, 1855, Woodblock print; ink and colors on paper, Gift of Victor and Takako Hauge (Image courtesy of the Freer Study Collection, Freer Gallery of Art)
Ehon Sumidagawa ryōgan ichiran  Katsushika Hokusai (1760–1849) Japan, Edo period,  ca. 1805 3 volumes; fukurotoji binding; woodblock  printed; ink and color on paper; paper covers  Purchase, Freer Gallery of Art, FSC-GR-780.230.2
Katsushika Hokusai (1760–1849), “Ehon Sumidagawa ryōgan ichiran,” Japan, Edo period, ca. 1805, 3 volumes; fukurotoji binding; woodblock printed; ink and color on paper; paper covers (Image courtesy of Freer Gallery of Art)
Southern Barbarians in Japan  Japan, Edo period, 17th century  Ink, color, and gold on paper  H x W: 153 x 331 cm  Purchase, Freer Gallery of Art, F1965.22-23
“Southern Barbarians in Japan,” Japan, Edo period, 17th century Ink, color, and gold on paper (Image courtesy of the Freer Gallery of Art)
Late Qing dynasty map of the  Beijing-Fengtian (Shenyang) Railroad,  with annotations by Charles Freer , 1910 H x W: 79 x 54 cm  Charles L. Freer Papers, Freer Gallery of Art, FSA A.01 Shenyang Map
“Late Qing dynasty map of the Beijing-Fengtian (Shenyang) Railroad, with annotations by Charles Freer,” 1910, Charles L. Freer Papers (Image courtesy of the Freer Gallery of Art)
Excavation of Samarra: Palace of the Caliph, Square Reception-Hall Block: Isometric Reconstruction 1911-1913  Ernst Herzfeld (1879–1948)  Ink on paper  H x W: 31.9 x 47.3 cm  Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Freer Gallery of Art and the Arthur M. Sackler  Gallery Archives, FSA A.6 05.1037
Ernst Herzfeld, (1879–1948), “Excavation of Samarra: Palace of the Caliph, Square Reception-Hall Block: Isometric Reconstruction 1911-1913,” Ink on paper, Ernst Herzfeld Papers (Image courtesy of the Freer Gallery of Art and the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives)
Longmen, Freer’s Chinese assistants along the riverbank, November  12, 1910  Yütai (active early 20th century)  Silver gelatin photographic print; H x W: 15.6 x 20.7 cm  Charles L. Freer Papers, Freer Gallery of Art and the Arthur M. Sackler  Gallery Archives, FSA A.1 12.5.GN.088
“Longmen, Freer’s Chinese assistants along the riverbank, November 12, 1910,” Yütai (active early 20th century), Silver gelatin photographic print, Charles L. Freer Papers (Image courtesy of the Freer Gallery of Art and the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives)
Swimmers and Diver, Scindia Ghat Raghubir Singh Varanasi, India; 1985 Chromogenic print on Kodak Ektacolor paper Gift of the Artist Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, S1993.39.8
Scindia Ghat Raghubir Singh Varanasi, “Swimmers and Diver,” India, 1985, Chromogenic print on Kodak Ektacolor paper (Image courtesy of the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery)
Untitled Raghubir Singh India; 1998 Digital photographic print Gift of the Artist’s Estate Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, S2003.4.1
Raghubir Singh, “Untitled,” India; 1998, Digital photographic print (Image courtesy of the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery)
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