Tony Cragg, “Blood Sugar” (1992), blown and sheet glass, acid etched, made in Wuppertal, Germany (all photos by the author for Hyperallergic)
CORNING, NY — This Friday, a luminous new wing of the Corning Museum of Glass opens for the display of contemporary glass art and its molten creation. At 100,000 square feet, the Contemporary Art + Design Wing in the Corning, New York, museum is the world’s largest space designed for contemporary glass. Thomas Phifer and Partners structured the galleries around the dispersal of natural light, which filters down through a full roof of skylights and into the sides of the box-shaped building with huge windows.
Exterior view of the Corning Museum of Glass
The inaugural exhibition features 117 works from the permanent collection dating from 1990 to present. Around 30 haven’t been on view before, including Fred Wilson’s “To Die Upon a Kiss” (2011), in which inky color gradually fades down the delicate fixtures of a Murano glass chandelier, a reflection on the “slow ebb of life.” In a gallery for installations, Kiki Smith’s “Constellation” (1996) has a glass menagerie of animals by sculptor Pino Signoretto arranged on indigo-dyed Nepal paper according to a 19th-century celestial map.
Hot Shop adjoined to the new Corning Museum of Glass Contemporary Art + Design Wing
Previously, contemporary art was exhibited in a smaller museum space, which will continue to show earlier 20th-century work. “Now we can welcome the artists who like to work big,” said Karol Wight, president and executive director of the museum. This applies not just to the soaring gallery space with its curving concrete walls that support a concrete slat ceiling; the adjoined Hot Shop will host both glass-making and other artists for residencies. “We’re focused on it being a space where an artist could come in and making anything they want,” said Eric Meek, the Hot Glass supervisor. A 500-seat capacity will expand on live demonstrations already active in the museum. Opening weekend it will feature Steven and William Ladd working on a piece involving glass ants carrying glass bombs, all made on site.
Installation view of the Corning Museum of Glass Contemporary Art + Design Wing, at right: Roni Horn, “Untitled” (click to enlarge)
Since it opened in 1951, the Corning Museum has made strong architectural statements responding to the influence on glass of Corning Incorporated, which paid for the new $64 million expansion. Architect Wallace K. Harrison designed the original International-style structure with grids of glass blocks, then in 1980 Gunnar Birkerts contributed a curving rolled glass and steel addition, and in 2001 and 2012 Smith-Miller + Hawkinson added large-windowed expansions containing freestanding glass walls. For his contribution, Phifer incorporated Corning’s Gorilla Glass, widely used for the screens of smartphones. Phifer shaped the popular material into corrals for sculpture. Clear and with little distortion, they give direct sight lines to the art, while allowing the family-friendly museum to welcome younger viewers without fear of a shattering collision.
Senior Curator of Modern and Contemporary Glass Tina Oldknow with Javier Pérez’s “Carroña (Carrion)” (2011), blown glass chandelier, assembled, broken; taxidermied crows, wire, monofilament
The carefully considered displays are essential to navigating the overwhelmingly white space, but it’s the use of natural light that encourages lingering. Glass, unlike other materials, doesn’t deteriorate due to exposure to light — in fact, it’s transformed by it.
Positioned by one long window, Roni Horn’s “Untitled” (2013) is a 1,700-pound solid cast of green glass with a center oculus untouched by human hands; its tones will change with an overcast sky or a blaring, bright day. At the entrance of the wing, Ann Gardner’s “Fog” (2007) features over 100 hanging mosaic tear drops in an array of grayish hues like clouds.
Fred Wilson, “To Die Upon a Kiss” (2011), blown, hot-worked glass, assembled, with electrical fittings, made in Murano, Italy (click to enlarge)
Each gallery opens in a large, angled portal onto the next, and whether it’s Lino Tagliapietra’s “Endeavor” (2004), with its flying flock of vibrantly colored Murano glass vessels, or Liza Lou’s “Continuous Mile” (2006–08), with its carefully stacked mile of beaded rope made in collaboration with a team of Zulu women, all the pieces have a dynamic interaction with the glowing light. “We still don’t know everything glass can be,” said Tina Oldknow, senior curator of modern and contemporary glass. In the new wing the museum is celebrating what has been discovered of its lucent properties through artistic experimentation.
Detail of Ann Gardner’s “Fog” (2007), glass mosaic tiles, concrete, composite material, steel rings, steel cable
Installation view of the Corning Museum of Glass Contemporary Art + Design Wing, looking to Fred Wilson’s “To Die Upon a Kiss” (2011) chandelier
Detail view of Fred Wilson’s “To Die Upon a Kiss” (2011), blown, hot-worked glass, assembled, with electrical fittings, made in Murano, Italy
Installation view of Silvia Levenson’s “It’s Raining Knives” (1996-2004), cast glass, ground, polished, made in Vigevano, Italy
At front: Michael Rogers, “13 Crows” (2002), cast glass, lampblack, Japanese newspaper, glue, steel wire; below: Michael Rogers, “The Murmur of Bees” (2006), vintage wood-and-glass display case, engraved applied lampblack, embroidered cotton, cast silver bees; at right: Katherine Gray, “Forest Glass” (2009), made of about 2,000 found machine-made drinking glasses
Detail of Katherine Gray, “Forest Glass” (2009), made of about 2,000 found machine-made drinking glasses. The piece is a response to the huge amount of wood used to fuel kilns for glassmaking.
Installation view of the Corning Museum of Glass Contemporary Art + Design Wing with Stacey Neff, “Spatial Negotiation II” (2001), blown recycled glass, cut, with fiberglass, steel, mixed media
Roni Horn, “Untitled (The peacock likes to sit on gates or fenceposts and allow his tail to hang down. A peacock on a fencepost is a superb sight. Six or seven peacocks on a gate is beyond description, but it is not very good for the gate. Our fenceposts tend to lean and all our gates open diagonally)” (2013), solid cast glass with as-cast surfaces, oculus top, named from an interview with Flannery O’Connor
Installation view of Daniel Clayman, “Circular Object One” (2003), kiln-cast glass, cut ground, acid washed
Kiki Smith, “Constellation” (1996), with hot-sculpted, cast lead glass animals by Pino Signoretto on an installation of handmade Nepal paper and cast bronze
Detail of Kiki Smith, “Constellation” (1996), with hot-sculpted, cast lead glass animals by Pino Signoretto on an installation of handmade Nepal paper and cast bronze
Installation view of the Corning Museum of Glass Contemporary Art + Design Wing, with at center Stacey Neff’s “Spatial Negotiation II” (2001), blown recycled glass, cut, with fiberglass, steel, mixed media
Jun Kaneko, “Glass Sticks” (2001), kiln-formed glass, cut, ground, polished, made of 102 stacked glass bars of layered colorless glass with a layer of red at the bottom
Installation view of Robert Rauschenberg, “Tire” (2005, designed 1995-96), made by creating a complex mold from a tire into which hot glass was blown with assistance of Daniel Spitzer and Dan Dailey.
Installation view of the Corning Museum of Glass Contemporary Art + Design Wing, with Jean-Michel Othoniel, “The White Necklace” (2007), with 51 hand-blown Venetian glass beads, made in Murano, Italy
At left: Dan Dailey, “Four Figures Chandelier” (2007), blown, cast, flameworked glass with brass, bronze, aluminum, steel, nickel plate, gold plate, patination; at left: Maria Grazia Rosin, “Folpo Nero (Black Octopus) Chandelier” (2003), blown, hot-worked glass, applied decoration, LED fittings, made in Murano, Italy with Pino Signoretto
Liza Lou, “Continuous Mile” (2006-08), glass beads, cotton, thread, made over a year with a team of Zulu women in Durban, South Africa. The stacked rope has 4.5 million beads and measures a mile in length.
Installation view of the Corning Museum of Glass Contemporary Art + Design Wing, with Lino Tagliapietra’s “Endeavor” (2004) at left; at right is Karen LaMonte, “Evening Dress with Shawl” (2004), mold-melted glass, cut, ground, polished, made in Železný Brod, Czech Republic
Detail view of Lino Tagliapietra, “Endeavor” (2004), blown, hot-worked glass, batutto cut with steel cable, made in Murano, Italy
Detail of Javier Pérez, “Carroña (Carrion)” (2011), blown glass chandelier, assembled, broken; taxidermied crows, wire, monofilament. The artist had the blood-colored chandelier made and then purposefully broken, a comment on the fading of the glass industry in Murano.