58Camel: credit Jambyn Dashdondog/Mongolian Children's Culture Foundation/Go Help

The Mongolian Children’s Mobile Library carried by camel to nomadic herding communities and remote parts of the Gobi desert. (photo by Jambyn Dashdondog/Mongolian Children’s Culture Foundation/Go Help, all images courtesy University of Chicago Press)

Arriving by camel in remote areas of Mongolia or on boat along the coast of Norway, contemporary libraries are often mobile, creative, and community-driven, and are adapting rather than fading with the rise of electronic books and decrease in budgets. Improbable Libraries: A Visual Journey to the World’s Most Unusual Libraries by Alex Johnson, published last month by the University of Chicago Press, celebrates some of the more surprising libraries transporting books to readers across desert, jungle, water, and road.

Cover of 'Improbable Libraries' by Alex Johnson (courtesy University of Chicago Press)

Cover of ‘Improbable Libraries’ by Alex Johnson

“Librarians have a long history of overcoming geographic, economic, and political challenges to bring the written word to an eager audience, they continue to live up to that reputation today, despite the rapid, sweeping changes in how we read and share books in the 21st century,” Johnson writes in an introduction. He also emphasizes that “[t]he vast majority of the smaller libraries in this book owe their existence to a single person, a ‘librarian’ with an unstoppable vision.”

Artist and activist Raúl Lemesoff drives the streets of Argentina in his “Weapon of Mass Instruction,” a 1979 Ford Falcon converted to look like an armored tank sheathed in bookshelves. In Colombia, school teacher Luis Soriana started Biblioburro and travels to rural areas with two donkeys named Alfa and Beto. And for two decades now Jambyn Dashdondog has been riding a camel (and sometimes a horse, cow, or reindeer) to remote regions of Mongolia as part of his Mongolian Children’s Mobile Library. Before all of them, Johnson notes, Mary Titcomb of the Washington County Free Library in Maryland started a horse-drawn library program in 1905, one of the first “animal libraries” to rely on a furry collaborator for affordable transportation on uneven ground.

202WeaponofMassInstruction: credit Guillermo Turin/Secretaría de Cultura y Educación, Municipalidad de Rosario

Weapon of Mass Instruction by activist and artist Raúl Lemesoff in Buenos Aires (photo by Guillermo Turin/Secretaría de Cultura y Educación, Municipalidad de Rosario)

Pages from 'Improbable Libraries' (photo of the book for Hyperallergic)

The Mobile Art Library by PRODUCTORA that drives around Mexico City ‘Improbable Libraries’ (photo of the book for Hyperallergic)

190TucsonBookbike: credit Pima County Communications Dept

The Bookbike operated by Pima County Public Library in Tucscon, Arizona (courtesy Pima County Communications Dept.)

Johnson, a British journalist, has two librarians for parents, and back in 2012 he published Bookshelf, a tome centered on bookcases. The square-shaped hardcover Improbable Libraries is definitely a labor of love for literature, and offers a global perspective on how essential access to books is in bringing communities vibrancy and education. It’s engaging to flip through the pages and discover unexpected projects like Big Brother Mouse in Laos, where an elephant transports books into remote communities, the Epos ship that travels the western coast of Norway with a cargo of 6,000 books, and South America’s Bibliotaxi, where books dangle in sleeves from the driver’s seat, and can be signed out in a notebook and returned to any vehicle in the system. The Think Differently Book Exchange in Canterbury, New Zealand, has free lending libraries installed in sites left vacant by the 2010 earthquake, one holding the books in an old refrigerator. And in Magdeburg, Germany, an open-air library open 24 hours a day is installed on the site of a defunct district library, with covered seating on the street designed as a gathering space.

Almost all these libraries are free, and without membership, and it’s the passion of the people involved that keeps them going. Last month the New York Times reported that between 2006 and 2014 New York City budgeted at least $620 million for new stadiums for the Yankees and Mets and the Barclays Center, which is a third more than the city’s $453 million budget for libraries over the same period, even though they serve seven times more people in a year than the sports stadiums. New York’s case is just one in a long history of library funding issues, and while the DIY and individual-driven libraries Johnson highlights are inspiring, it’s also essential that he locates them in the contemporary context of why they are needed in places underserved or ignored by institutions.

Pages from 'Improbable Libraries' (photo of the book for Hyperallergic)

A home library designed by Travis Price for Wade Davis in Washington, DC ‘Improbable Libraries’ (photo of the book for Hyperallergic)

Occupy: credit David Shankbone

The People’s Library at Occupy Wall Street in New York, set up in 2011 (photo by David Shankbone)

BambooDome: credit Boris Zeisser/24H-architecture

Library with a bamboo dome designed by 24H>architecture at Soneva Kiri resort in Koh Kood, Thailand (photo by Boris Zeisser/24H>architecture)

71LibrairieUrbaine: credit Didier Muller/House Work

Didier Muller’s “Librairie Urbaine” installation of suspended cabins for books (photo by Didier Muller/House Work)

80GapFiller: credit Hannah Airey/Gap Filler

Think Differently Book Exchange, part of the Gap Filler initiative in Canterbury, New Zealand, after the 2010 earthquake (photo by Hannah Airey/Gap Filler)

88OneTwoMany: credit Marta Wengorovius/João Wengorovius

Portuguese artist Marta Wengorovius’s “One, Two, Many” project designed with Francisco Aires Mateus, where a mobile library holds 60 books with reading space for one (courtesy Marta Wengorovius/João Wengorovius)

93LittleFreeLib: credit Little Free Library

An outpost of Little Free Libraries in an Iowa park (courtesy Little Free Library)

110Luckenwalde: credit Andreas Meichsner/ff-Architekten

New library wing attached to a former rail station in Luckenwalde, Germany (photo by Andreas Meichsner/ff-Architekten)

126Muyinga: credit BC architects

A library for deaf children in Muyinga, northern Burundi (courtesy BC architects)

132UofAberdeen: credit Adam Mork

University of Aberdeen library (photo by Adam Mork)

228Bondi: credit One Green Bean

A library on Bondi Beach, Sydney, created by IKEA (courtesy One Green Bean)

Improbable Libraries: A Visual Journey to the World’s Most Unusual Libraries by Alex Johnson is available from the University of Chicago Press

Allison C. Meier is a former staff writer for Hyperallergic. Originally from Oklahoma, she has been covering visual culture and overlooked history for print and online media since 2006. She moonlights...

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