Articles

After 27 Years, a New York World’s Fair Relic Reopens to the Public

by Allison Meier on April 22, 2014

New York State Pavilion

Inside the New York State Pavilion (all photographs by the author for Hyperallergic)

The public was invited inside a New York City architectural monument today for a view that has been off-limits for 27 years. The New York State Pavilion, designed by Philip Johnson, was open for just a few hours this afternoon, coinciding with the anniversary of the start of the 1964–65 World’s Fair 50 years ago.

New York State Pavilion

Visitors inside the New York State Pavilion (click to view larger)

The rare event for the Pavilion in Queens’ Flushing Meadows-Corona Park, coordinated through the New York State Pavilion Paint Project with the Parks Department, is the result of growing grassroots and city official interest in the preservation of the long-neglected structure. Johnson designed the Pavilion as a “Tent of Tomorrow” — a modernist version of a state fair tent with an open air space beneath a flat plastic ceiling of colorful tiles — paired with observation spaces in the conjoining “Astro-View Towers.” (These towers remained closed during today’s special viewing day as they are still too run down to be safe for visitors.)

For decades rust has been left to overtake the broad spiked roof supported by the ring of 16 100-foot columns. Weeds grew through the Texaco road map mosaic that stretched across the Pavilion’s floor. In 1976 the colorful plastic tiles in the Tent of Tomorrow’s 50,000-square-foot roof were removed, and the space was left to nature and those adventurous enough to find a way inside.

Joining the opening today was an announcement from the National Trust for Historic Preservation that they are listing the Pavilion as a “National Treasure.” Jason Clement, director of community outreach at the National Trust, told Hyperallergic that the public viewing of the Pavilion was “just one step that New Yorkers will see over the next year that will show there is a groundswell of support” for its preservation.

To say the public was receptive about the Pavilion is an understatement. Hundreds of people were in line to see it, some hours before 11 am when the gates opened, many sporting World’s Fair t-shirts, and towards noon the crowd was coursing over the Grand Central Parkway. It definitely seemed to be way more people than organizers were expecting, but such an opportunity doesn’t go unnoticed by those with an interest in New York history and architecture.

New York State Pavilion

Crowds on the bridge over the Grand Central Parkway

Only 50 people were allowed in the Pavilion at a time and hard hats were mandatory; once inside people seemed reluctant to leave the space that has long been shuttered. The floor mosaic itself was covered up to protect what remains, although a few of its 567 panels were on display. They had been taken out in 2007 in a conservation project by NYC Parks with the Historic Preservation Graduate Program at the University of Pennsylvania. You couldn’t wander too far into the gargantuan space with its recently repainted colors of red, white, and yellow reminiscent of a circus tent — Ada Louise Huxtable called the modernist tribute to the state fair a “carnival with class.”

There were efforts in the past to turn the Pavilion into something else, including a skating rink and a concert venue, but none of those were successful in the longterm. In the past couple of years there has been increased community attention for Philip Johnson’s Pavilion, recently spurred by People for the Pavilion and a successful Kickstarter to fund a documentary. (Here’s Hyperallergic’s previous coverage of the preservation efforts.) The National Trust is now hosting a petition, and NYC Parks is holding a festival on May 18 to celebrate it and other surviving structures of the World’s Fair. However, to get the Pavilion out of the hard hats-required visiting state, it will take more than just attention. Clement said it would cost $40 million to preserve the structure, but $70 million to restore it to a condition suitable for public use. (During the World’s Fair it was an exhibition space for the state of New York including art, models of engineering achievements, and the million dollar Texaco mosaic map.) He said the ultimate goal is for the Pavilion “to be an attraction for everyone, but also a resource for Queens.”

With just a few open hours on a Tuesday, the New York State Pavilion is still far from being an accessible space for the public. Yet the enthusiastic response from the community with the droves who came to step inside this abandoned retrofuture ruin will hopefully signal a strong interest in the World’s Fair relic, a support it needs to continue in gaining the momentum it needs to survive.

Lines outside the New York State Pavilion

Lines outside the New York State Pavilion

Stepping inside the New York State Pavilion

Stepping inside the New York State Pavilion

New York State Pavilion

Old “skate rental” sign from when the Pavilion was a skating rink

New York State Pavilion

Panel from the Texaco floor mosaic (the gravel and dirt around it is covering the panels still in place)

New York State Pavilion

Another detail of the road map of New York State

New York State Pavilion

The suspension roof and the Astro-View Towers (which are inaccessible)

Stairs newly painted in the New York State Pavilion

Stairs newly painted in the New York State Pavilion

Painting materials in the New York State Pavilion

Painting materials in the New York State Pavilion

New York State Pavilion

View to the opposite side of the Pavilion, with a Texaco sign on the wall

New York State Pavilion

View of the 100-foot columns

New York State Pavilion

The remains of the suspension roof, once the largest suspension roof in the world

New York State Pavilion

The public could just access one part of the Pavilion

New York State Pavilion

View into the New York State Pavilion from the fence outside

View to the New York State Pavilion from Flushing Meadows Park

The Astro-View Towers in Flushing Meadows Park

New York State Pavilion & the Unisphere

New York State Pavilion & the Unisphere, another World’s Fair relic

Here’s a video from the NYC Parks Department with some footage of the New York State Pavilion at the 1964-65 World’s Fair:

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  • Cincim

    #WOW I was there 50years ago. I was a wee 4 years old. My Grandpa and Grandma, Mom and dad and rest of the Family. I still remember bits. It is amazing that this Historic Preservation can force your memory. It is awesome this preservation is being undertaken. As it I am sure will serve so many folks memories. Good Going! I do hope the funds get there! #Thanks #Hyperallergic.com for reporting.

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