Articles

Cats Take Over the Art World

by Jillian Steinhauer on June 10, 2013

The opening of Flux Factory's Kitty City (all Kitty City photos © Flux Factory, via Flux Factory on Flickr)

The opening of Flux Factory’s Kitty City (all Kitty City photos © Flux Factory, via Flux Factory on Flickr)

Common journalistic wisdom has it that it takes three examples of a phenomenon to make a trend. 1) Kitty City, a metropolis/playground for cats that was built at Flux Factory in May and unveiled with a kitten adoption drive the first weekend in June; 2) The Cat Show, an exhibition devoted to cats, also with adoption drive (two!) and a zine, opening June 14 at White Columns; 3) Divine Felines: Cats of Ancient Egypt, a long-term installation opening later this summer at the Brooklyn Museum that will explore the role of felines in ancient Egypt. And I didn’t even mention last year’s Internet Cat Video Festival, which organizers will reprise this summer, or the Grumpy Cat Art Project at a studio in Alabama.

The fact that we love cats is, of course, nothing new. But the art world’s embrace of felines does seem to be at a perceptible high. Was this inevitable, only a matter of time? Is there some new impetus moving us in this direction? Is the art world becoming more and more like the internet — or is it just desperate for wider attention? These are pressing questions of our time. As a cat-owning art person, and on behalf of others like me everywhere, I felt compelled to investigate.

Kitty City at Flux Factory (click to enlarge)

Kitty City at Flux Factory (click to enlarge)

I began with Kitty City, Flux Factory’s so-called “meowtropolis” (bad puns abound in the realm of cat art) that filled the gallery last month. The instigator of the experiment, artist Douglas Paulson, told me that he “heard a story on NPR that was talking about how kids who grow up with animals become more compassionate adults, and was thinking about how to make working with/for animals a pedagogical model.” To that end, Paulson set up four weekend workshops and invited anyone to come and join the planning and building process. The goal, he said, was to ask, “How can people with radically different life experiences/ages/etc. collaborate, develop a common vocabulary and goals? How can we imagine making a humane space designed for other [cat] bodies?”

This was less about cats, in other words, than it was about humans and our relationships — an idea I’d say (and have said before) applies to the vast majority of pet owning and pet-owning-related creative endeavors. And people proved they were invested by showing up to the June 1 ribbon-cutting ceremony, about 400 of them! There were lots of cats, too, who swiftly taught Paulson a lesson in cat-gallery relations:

As soon as the cats arrived the morning of the ribbon cutting, they were jumping out all the holes in the fence, climbing into the joists in the ceiling, and trying to get out the window. We spent those hours frantically sealing up all the holes and feeling like we’re in way over our head.

Included in "The Cat Show": Sam Roeck, "Contemporary Art Sculpture for Cats #2" (2013), oak, Plexiglas, carpet, linoleum, 52 x 30 x 30 in (courtesy the artist) (click to enlarge)

Included in “The Cat Show”: Sam Roeck, “Contemporary Art Sculpture for Cats #2″ (2013), oak, Plexiglas, carpet, linoleum, 52 x 30 x 30 in (courtesy the artist) (click to enlarge)

Cat-proofing the gallery is presumably something that Rhonda Lieberman, the curator of The Cat Show at White Columns (opening this Thursday) has thought about as well. Coincidentally, Lieberman’s tale also begins in Long Island City, where Flux Factory is located. She told me:

Back in the mid-’90s, I lived in a loft in Long Island City (LIC) and started tending an outdoor cat colony in an empty lot on my street. I wasn’t even a cat person when I moved in, but LIC had tons of street cats then and they pulled me in. The cat party started at dusk when we arrived with the cans. It was my favorite art installation at the time!

Hi-rises were about to go up on the lot — displacing the cats my neighbors and I had grown fond of. We placed some and approached some rescue groups — all overflowing with adoptable pets — and that’s when I got a crash course in the over-extended rescue situation in NYC. I thought it would be so amazing to help the rescue groups by creating an undepressing space where the public could meet the cats, a place where strays would be appreciated as the gorgeous creatures they are and not wretches in a cage-lined facility! I thought the cat area itself was a great installation and this project would use the art context to actually facilitate adoption — as well as being an aesthetic, meditative space.

But it was the 1990s. Cats weren’t the adorable, ubiquitous, internet-ruling force that they are today; they were just a bunch of scraggly strays looking for handouts. Lieberman had trouble placing the show, and it took nearly 15 years from when she had the idea to find a gallery willing to host it. “I think maybe I was ahead of my time, and more people now are open to this kind of thing,” she said. “I think the times just caught up with the project.”

"Cat with Kittens" (detail), reportedly from Saqqara, Egypt, Late Period to Ptolemaic Period, Dynasty 26 or later (circa 664–30 BCE), bronze, solid-cast, and wood, 2 3/8 x 3 7/16 x 1 15/16 in (6.1 x 8.8 x 5 cm) (collection of and courtesy Brooklyn Museum)

“Cat with Kittens” (detail), reportedly from Saqqara, Egypt, Late Period to Ptolemaic Period, Dynasty 26 or later (circa 664–30 BCE), bronze, solid-cast, and wood, 2 3/8 x 3 7/16 x 1 15/16 in (6.1 x 8.8 x 5 cm) (collection of and courtesy Brooklyn Museum)

Or maybe our times have finally caught up with the ancients. At the Brooklyn Museum, assistant curator of Egyptian art Yekaterina Barbash has organized the long-term installation Divine Felines as a way to ”to introduce the diversity of ancient Egyptian art and the intricacies of some ancient beliefs.” Barbash said she wasn’t particularly influenced by our current YouTube- and BuzzFeed-fueled cat addiction, but even if it was only subconscious, it’s hard to think of a better moment for a show like this. I asked her if she saw any connections between the way the ancient Egyptians viewed cats and the way we do, and she replied:

Contrary to popular belief, the ancient Egyptians did not worship cats. But they did associate felines with several divinities, and revered them for their grace, fertility, hunting abilities, etc. On a more mundane level, cats protected the homes and villages by hunting mice, snakes and other vermin. Clearly, many of these features are still pertinent today.

I am also sure that much like many people today, the ancient Egyptians were simply swept away by the combination of charm, softness, and stern character of cats.

Figure of a Cat, Provenance unknown, Ptolemaic Period Roman Period (305 BCE–1st century CE), wood, gilded gesso, bronze, rock crystal, glass, 25 9/16 x 6 5/16 x 11 13/16 in (65 x 16 x 30 cm) (collection and courtesy of Brooklyn Museum) (click to enlarge)

Figure of a Cat, Provenance unknown, Ptolemaic Period Roman Period (305 BCE–1st century CE), wood, gilded gesso, bronze, rock crystal, glass, 25 9/16 x 6 5/16 x 11 13/16 in (65 x 16 x 30 cm) (collection and courtesy of Brooklyn Museum) (click to enlarge)

Yep, “charm, softness, and stern character” pretty much sum up the appeal of cat selfies.

On the surface, the pedagogical urban-planning exercise, the contemporary art show, and the ancient art show don’t seem to have much in common beyond their feline focus. But that may actually go a long way toward explaining our cultural obsesssion with cats — they work as an expression of our own personalities, interests, and pursuits. We love cats, and we project onto them; we name them and portray them, we devote exhibitions to them. We use them to reflect ourselves, making sure we also hold adoption drives along the way (help them while helping ourselves).

Or maybe that’s just what they want us to think. Maybe all these shows really mean is that cats are one step closer to ruling the world — or at least duking it out with robots for ultimate control. This is, in fact, a question I put to all of my interviewees: are cats taking over the world?

“No, rats are,” said Paulson.

“Well they’ve taken over the internet, that’s a start,” said Lieberman.

“I think they already have,” said Barbash.

Who knows, then? Maybe it’s not Jillian Steinhauer writing this article, just a lady cat with friends in high (art-world) places and a Jewish-sounding pen name. Cats may not have opposable thumbs, but it doesn’t matter now that we have iPads.

A kitty at the opening of Flux Factory's Kitty City

A kitty at the opening of Flux Factory’s Kitty City

Planning and building for Kitty City took place every Saturday in May at Flux Factory (39-31 29th Street, Long Island City, Queens), with the final project unveiled at a ribbon cutting on June 1.

The Cat Show opens at White Columns (320 West 13th Street, Greenwich Village, Manhattan) on Thursday, June 13, from 6 to 8 pm.

Divine Felines: Cats of Ancient Egypt opens at the Brooklyn Museum (200 Eastern Parkway, Prospect Heights, Brooklyn) on July 24.

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