Michele Pred’s “Patriot Act” performance at the San Francisco International Airport on October 26 (all photos by Peggy Crovetto unless otherwise noted, all courtesy the artist)

Last Wednesday, some travelers flying into San Francisco’s International Airport had an odd encounter while waiting at baggage claim. They were greeted by conceptual artist Michele Pred, who handed them small pocket knives to keep, each emblazoned with the words, “Official Air Travel Replacement Knife.” Her gift was part of her performance marking the 15th anniversary of September 11 and the passage of the contentious Patriot Act, which led to the federalization and tightening of airport screening processes.


Knives distributed by Michele Pred during her performance at the San Francisco International Airport (photo by Michele Pred)

Dressed as a 1960s-era flight attendant (complete with an original hat worn by Pan Am stewardesses — one of whom was her mother), Pred returned to travelers one of the most commonly confiscated items in airport security lines. The performance was, of course, sanctioned: she had received permission from the airport, obtaining a Free Speech and Expressive Activities Permit after a long application process. She specifically chose the two and a quarter-inch red knives as they are the most common of all those that TSA officers seize. To her, though small, the utilitarian object and the response its presence provokes at airports speak volumes about security culture.

“The text that I had printed on them was intended as a somewhat humorous way of driving home the notion that our focus on security has not only taken things away from us, but has not clearly explained what it has given back,” Pred told Hyperallergic.

She handed out 50 knives at the airport, although she had to approach many more people, as about half the travelers she attempted to gift knives to either refused to accept them or even engage with her. Many of those who did, she said, shared with her stories of the objects that they have had confiscated — many of them pocket knives.


Michele Pred’s “Patriot Act” performance at the San Francisco International Airport on October 26

The performance was an extension of an installation Pred has on view at San Francisco’s Presidio, in the group exhibition Home Land Security. Titled “Encirclement,” it consists of hundreds of small items confiscated from airports that she has collected since 2002 — scissors are the most represented — and piled up and organized into a large ring that gives off an aura of sacredness.

“That work seeks to draw attention to the seemingly small personal costs associated with a growing security apparatus that nevertheless build into a new normal,” Pred said.  Her performance last week symbolically returned those personal costs at the very place where they were taken away.


Michele Pred, “Encirclement” (2003), installed as part of the exhibition Home Land Security on view at the Presidio in San Francisco through December 18


Props and permit for Michele Pred’s Patriot Act performance at the San Francisco International Airport on October 26


Michele Pred’s Patriot Act performance at the San Francisco International Airport on October 26

Michele Pred’s “Encirclement” is on view as part of the For-Site Foundation‘s exhibition Home Land Security in the Presidio (Fort Winfield Scott at Langdon Court, Presidio, San Francisco) through December 18.

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Claire Voon

Claire Voon is a former staff writer for Hyperallergic. Originally from Singapore, she grew up near Washington, D.C. and is now based in Chicago. Her work has also appeared in New York Magazine, VICE,...