In the continuing motif of colonizing nations taking credit for Indigenous discoveries, titanium dioxide — a chemical compound that produces a commonly used bright white pigment— has long been attributed to its development in 1908 at a lab in Niagara Falls, New York. But in 2018, researchers discovered evidence of the pigment, which has become omnipresent in products and goods of all kinds, in Andean qeros, meaning that the pigment was developed for use in this Inca ceremonial wooden cup some 400 years ago.
“The temporal horizon for the use of this pigment appears to be ca. 1532–1570, correlating with what we refer to here as the Transitional Inka/Early Colonial period, although production of polychromed qeros may have begun before this time and certainly continued well into the eighteenth century or later,” write co-authors Ellen Howe, Emily Kaplan, Richard Newman, James H. Frantz, Ellen Pearlstein, Judith Levinson, and Odile Madden, in their article for Heritage Science.
Though qeros were produced by the Inca for a millenia, they did not begin to feature chromatic elements until roughly 1530 — but that still places the discovery of titanium white centuries ahead of its formal introduction to the Western world. As X-ray and spectroscopy are generating all kinds of breakthroughs in the study of ancient technologies, anthropologists continue to expand their understanding of the true origins and extent of breakthroughs once firmly Euro-centric in their attribution.
The Association of Art Museum Directors announced a shift in its longstanding policy, which restricted the use of funds from sales of art to new acquisitions only.
Martín Mobarak may have broken Mexican law, but he burned the proof.
Artists reflect on histories of oppressive power structures in Brazil in this exhibition at the Visual Arts Center at the University of Texas at Austin.
Your list of must-see, fun, insightful, and very Los Angeles art events this month, including the Maya Codex of Mexico at the Getty, Beatrice Wood, Trenton Doyle Hancock, and more.
Your list of must-see, fun, insightful, and very New York art events this month, including Xaviera Simmons, Cristina Iglesias, Mire Lee, and more.
With explosions of color and materiality, Cave has his own enigmatic ways to funnel the funk through histories of adversity.
Kapwani Kiwanga invites viewers to look with only the quiet glow of natural light seeping in through the skylights, illuminating a nuanced way of seeing race.
Funding options at UB include full-tuition scholarships for MFA students, the Arthur A. Schomburg Fellowship Program, and additional opportunities for MA students.
This week, Godard’s anti-imperialism, in defense of “bad” curating, an inexplicable statue, criminalizing culture wars, and more.
I inserted the text from five press releases into DALL-E and this is what it churned out.
As protests rage across the country following the death of Mahsa (Zhina) Amini, Iranian and Kurdish artists are creating work in support of freedom.