Video art was something you watched “with the lights on,” as França insisted, without pretenses of high art.
This retrospective of the work from a São Paulo photo club is a reminder that Modernism was not solely a European phenomenon.
Ferreira Gullar, one of Brazil’s most illustrious poets and art critics, helped to found the Neo-Concretist movement in 1959 and famously wrote his “Dirty Poem” while living in exile from the military dictatorship.
The 18th-century Brazilian sculptor Aleijadinho was the mixed-race son of a black slave and one of his country’s most legendary artists. In the gold-rich state of Minas Gerais, where millions lost their lives in the mines, tourists still pay to visit the immaculate baroque churches he embellished.
As the visitor to the Museum of Modern Art walks across a swarming fifth floor this summer, she will find Lygia Clark: The Abandonment of Art, 1948–1988, the first comprehensive retrospective of the Brazilian artist’s career in America.