In art, fashion, and eccentric hairstyles, the arrival of the first giraffe in France in the 1820s caused a sensation in culture.
Published in the late 15th century, the Fasciculus Medicinae contains the earliest depiction of a modern dissection, a groundbreaking representation for anatomy.
In 1854, the first sculptures of dinosaurs debuted in London’s Crystal Palace Park, where they remain on view today and recall an age of Victorian science.
Photographers have attempted to document the solar eclipse since 1842, but it took years of experimentation to capture the elusive moment of totality.
On a New York stage, a poet and art critic named Sadakichi Hartmann attempted the first perfume concert, and it was a disaster.
Alice Guy-Blaché is recognized as the first woman filmmaker, going back to an 1896 silent short, but her career remains unsung in the history of cinema.
In December of 1895, Wilhelm Röntgen revealed the bones of his wife’s hand in the first X-ray photograph.
The first human-made blue pigment emerged in ancient Egypt, then disappeared for centuries until it was rediscovered in Pompeii.
Discovered in 1999 in Germany, the 3,600-year-old Nebra Sky Disk is recognized as the oldest known depiction of cosmic phenomena.
Dating to 1480, the oldest known printed bookplate is part of a centuries-long history of personalization by book lovers.
A Welsh immigrant named John Plumbe, Jr., who was one of the country’s first prominent professional photographers, took the daguerreotype in January 1846.
In 1885, Wilson Bentley, a farmer in Vermont, became the first known person to photograph a snowflake. He would document 5,000 of them in his lifetime.