Reactor

Sculpture of Homeless Jesus Sparks Controversy

by Jillian Steinhauer on April 15, 2014

Timothy Schmalz's “Homeless Jesus” in Davidson, North Carolina (all images courtesy the artist)

Timothy Schmalz’s “Homeless Jesus” in Davidson, North Carolina (all images courtesy the artist)

When it comes to religious art, depictions of Jesus tend to feature him as saintly, reverential, floating above mere mortals or healing them with his touch (or he’s a baby). But a sculpture by artist Timothy P. Schmalz shows Jesus as a homeless man wrapped in a blanket, asleep on a bench.

The life-size bronze work is titled, appropriately, “Homeless Jesus,” according to the artist’s website, and an edition of it has been installed in Davidson, North Carolina, by the local St. Alban’s Episcopal Church, which received the statue as a memorial for a parishioner “who loved public art,” writes NPR. Predictably, some residents are less than thrilled about the thought-provoking work — one woman called the police the first time she saw it, explaining, “I was concerned for the safety of the neighborhood.” Others have said that “Homeless Jesus” creeps them out or insults them.

 

Pope Francis with the model for "Homeless Jesus"

Pope Francis with the model for “Homeless Jesus”

On his website, Schmalz writes that the sculpture was inspired by Matthew 25 and explains the religious intention behind all of his work: “I am devoted to creating artwork that glorifies Christ. … I describe my sculptures as being visual prayers” (including against abortion). St. Alban’s rector, the Rev. David Buck, stands by “Homeless Jesus” and the message it sends, and he’s in good company: last fall Schmalz presented the wooden model for the work to Pope Francis, who prayed over and blessed it. (Do I see a candidate for the Holy See pavilion at the 2015 Venice Biennale?)

Other Christian organizations are interested, too: a version was placed outdoors at the University of Toronto’s Regis College last spring, and Chicago’s Catholic Charities are hoping to purchase and install a version, the Chicago Tribune reported, although the cost may prevent them. The price — $35,000 according to the Tribune, though the NC version was bought for $22,000, says NPR — apparently deterred the rectors of St. Michael’s Cathedral in Toronto and St. Patrick’s Cathedral in New York from purchasing versions of the sculpture in the past.

Naturally, critics have been quick to latch onto the price. A blogger on the conservative site Wizbang discussed “the actions of an Episcopal Church in North Carolina that wasted $22,000 on a metal statue of a ‘homeless Jesus’ to make a political statement instead of spending that money on, well, you know, the homeless.” Since the sculpture was given as a gift to the congregation, this argument doesn’t actually hold water, but it raises the interesting question of how art fits into the larger scheme of religious organizations, and at what cost. How do you value in dollars the potential inspiration of reflection and prayer?

My favorite criticism of “Homeless Jesus,” though, comes from local resident Jerry Dawson. In a letter to the editor of community site DavidsonNews.net, Dawson writes:

My complaint is not about the art-worthiness or the meaning behind the sculpture. It is about people driving into our beautiful, reasonably upscale neighborhood and seeing an ugly homeless person sleeping on a park bench.

Clearly St. Alban’s has some work left to do.

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  • Chris Egan

    Did Jesus get called an ugly homeless person?

  • thorn

    $22,000. for the piece
    is a bargain–the work is priceless!
    Bless the artist, the N.C. Episcopal Church and the Pope.
    It’s brilliant and enough to make me religious (again)!

  • marie

    As a Christian, I think this is great. A tribute to and reminder of Matthew 25. I think it’s a wonderful message that people of all faiths can appreciate – to care for others, the needy, the sick, the less fortunate. That we’re all one.

  • http://www.artisabout.com Eddie Arroyo

    Finally a good religious piece of contemporary art. I mean its not Piss Christ or the Virgin Mary made of cow dung but its a good start. If anyone has other recommendations of relevant religious contemporary art please comment. I am curious to make some notations on it.

  • Chicken_Fingers

    Lots of Christians can’t recognize their own Christ, and I say this as a Christian.

  • Apelles1

    Fascinating how far we have come in the other direction, in the Middle Ages this would not be controversial at all, Mendicant Orders such as the Franciscans and the Poor Clares devoted their religious practices to these principles.

  • Linda Ann Puetz

    Who said homeless people are ugly?

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