June Wayne, "The Tunnel" (1949). Oil on canvas. From the June Wayne Collection, courtesy Louis Stern Fine Arts.

June Wayne, “The Tunnel” (1949). Oil on canvas. (all images from the June Wayne Collection, courtesy Louis Stern Fine Arts via the Pasadena Museum of California Art)

LOS ANGELES — June Wayne’s retrospective at the Pasadena Museum of California Art is a tightly curated, chronologically arranged exhibition of paintings, prints, tapestries, and video by a founder of the feminist art movement. Wayne, who died in 2011, was born and raised in Chicago, and moved to LA in 1942 after a three-year stint in New York City. She also founded the Tamarind Lithography Workshop, which she directed from 1960 to 1970. Work in this major retrospective was collected and plucked from different eras in her life, showcasing distinct periods in her artistic career including early social realist paintings from Mexico and Depression-era Chicago, visual awakenings upon her move to L.A., abstractions of the climate of Kafka (not to be confused with illustrations of Kafka’s stories), feminist consciousness-raising political works from the 1970s, and an ongoing fascination with the wonders of space and the future.

Wayne’s early work began with thick coats of paint and the rough stroke marks of social realism, both in Mexico and in Chicago, and only ceased when she moved to L.A., though her work never lost its obvious feminist overtones. Upon arriving in California, her focus initially shifted to her more abstract investigations into light and perspective. “The Target” (1951) and “The Tunnel” (1949) both peer into the elongated roads and tunnels that connect the sprawling place that make Los Angeles what it is. Around the same time, Wayne’s mind wandered into the depths of Kafka as seen in “The Cavern” (1948). In the catalogue for the exhibition, Wayne states that her Kafka images “ … partake of the climate of Kafka, the Kafkaesque world, where nothing is exactly as it seems to be, where everything and its opposite are somehow united.” It’s curious to note that Wayne first read Kafka as a teenager in Chicago; as an adult, she brought her Kafka texts with her to California. Her adolescent reliving, Kafka-inspired works were closely followed by Los Angeles-inspired imagery, suggesting a possible conceptual connection between her adolescence in Chicago and her fascination with time and space in L.A.; could it be that in both adolescence and L.A., “nothing is exactly as it seems to be, where everything and its opposite are somehow united”?

June Wayne, “Waiting for Newspapers” (1936). Oil on canvas.

Other works of note in this exhibition include The Dorothy Series (1976), which began with an image of her mother on her deathbed, which was picked up and published in Time magazine without the artist’s permission; the series continued as the artist realized that her mother would never have wanted this private moment made into a public image, and so Wayne went back and told her mother’s history through a new suite of lithographs.

As the ’70s waned on, post-second-wave feminist movement, Wayne’s work began shifting to considerations of the natural world as seen through shiny, sparkling lithographs such as “Thermal Wind” (1978) and “Frothing” (1980), each of which begins visually with sheets of silver upon which nearly translucent, fantastical colors transpire. Wayne’s fascination with scientific progress and the wonders of outer space and the materials that make our physical world continued through to old age with works like “Zinc, Mon Amour” (2007), which looks like half of two giant googley eyes resting on a white plane against a peaceful black-streaked sky. The digital print also recalls that zinc is just one element in the vast periodic table of the elements that make up our world. It’s awe-inducing to think about even for a minute, and a fitting expression of Wayne’s last exploration into the material world.

June Wayne, “Merry Widow (State I), Next of Skin Series” (1980). Color lithograph printed by Edward Hamilton.

June Wayne, “Anki, Cognitos Series” (1984). Acrylic and silver leaf on paper marouflaged onto canvas with gesso and gelatin.

June Wayne, “Delegate Dorothy” from The Dorothy Series (1977). Color lithograph printed by Edward Hamilton.

June Wayne, “Cryptic Creatures, Kafka Series” (1948). Oil on canvas.

June Wayne: Paintings, Prints, and Tapestries continues at the Pasadena Museum of California Art (490 East Union Street, Pasadena, California) through August 31.

The Latest

Alicia Eler

Alicia Eler is a cultural critic and arts reporter. She is the author of the book The Selfie Generation (Skyhorse Publishing), which has been reviewed in the New York Times, WIRED...