Installation view, 'Alien She' (all photos by the author for Hyperallergic unless otherwise noted)

Installation view, zine wall in ‘Alien She’ at Yerba Buena Center for the Arts, 2014 (all photos by the author for Hyperallergic unless otherwise noted)

SAN FRANCISCO — What would a “Revolution Grrrl Style Now!” look like now, some 20 years after the punk Riot Grrrl movement blasted onto the cultural landscape? How can one do justice to both the creativity and the complications of the many artists, activists, and regular girls who made the zines, played in the bands, took back the night, and otherwise raged against the misogyny and violence endemic to capitalist American culture? Co-curators Astria Suparak and Ceci Moss take up these questions with their touring show Alien She, now on view at Yerba Buena Center for the Arts (YBCA). As the “first exhibition to examine the lasting impact of Riot Grrrl on artists and cultural producers working today,” Alien She attempts the difficult task of memorializing a movement while also making a case for its continued relevance to women and the arts. Although visually enticing, the show dilutes the political potency of and contradictions within Riot Grrrl — perhaps inevitable once a movement has been divorced from its living, breathing, countercultural context and is mounted on gallery walls.

A listening station in 'Alien She' (click to enlarge)

Raquel Gutiérrez (YBCA In Community program manager) rocks out to her old Riot Grrrl band, Tummy Ache, at the listening stations. (click to enlarge)

Alien She separates the historical archive of zines, cassette tapes, and posters made by riot grrrls in the 1990s from the show’s seven featured artists: Tammy Rae Carland, Miranda July, Faythe Levine, Allyson Mitchell, L.J. Roberts, Stephanie Syjuco, and Ginger Brooks Takahashi. This layout temporalizes Riot Grrrl as a moment in radical feminism long past, even as the show itself wants to acknowledge the movement’s ongoing impact in the present. In the front archival room, most satisfying are the listening stations featuring iPods loaded with songs by Riot Grrrl bands from LA to the UK, and coupled with local ephemera. Together these stations sonically remap riot grrrl’s reach, extending its imagined and material geographies beyond the usual cities and suspects.

While the music opens doors to new worlds, zines with tantalizing names like Independent Pussy are, frustratingly, for the most part locked behind plexiglass-covered shelves that line three walls. The curators’ desire for us to understand Riot Grrrl as having “a living history, not a sealed past” is largely and ironically undone by their preserving as precious what could easily have been copied and left out for perusal. As a green college kid, I remember having my mind blown by the at-home gynecological tips found within the pages of Hot Pantz, one of the featured zines; it’s a shame that visitors to YBCA will have much more limited possibilities for similar awakenings, especially with landmark queer feminist of color zines like Margarita Alcantara Tan’s Bamboo Girl and Mimi Thi Nguyen’s Slander so within reach.

Tammy Rae Carland, 'Lesbian Beds' (2002)

Tammy Rae Carland, Untitled “Lesbian Beds” (2002), inkjet prints

Inside the main galleries, standout pieces by Tammy Rae Carland and Ginger Brooks Takahashi illuminate the power of the feminist and queer intimacies that were fostered within Riot Grrrl. Carland’s Lesbian Beds (2002) is a series of photographs of just-slept-in beds, the traces of bodily imprints and the mussed sheets hinting at the most private articulations of that radical feminist adage “the personal is political.” Clearly inspired by Felix Gonzáles-Torres’s solitary and empty bed (“Untitled,” 1991), Carland’s multiplicity of beds transforms Gonzáles-Torres’s mournful site into a place where queer life proliferates into the future. If the goal of lesbian feminism is to create and live in a world not defined by the normative timelines and spaces of white, middle-class heterosexuality, these photographs memorialize forever a fleeting moment when that dream has been realized. The Lesbian Beds are a sanctuary from the violent, misogynistic society we live in; they are a utopian alternative to the real world, to those beds, symbolized in “Carry That Weight,” one of 2014’s best protests/performance art pieces by rape survivor and Columbia University student Emma Sulkowicz. Likewise, Brooks Takahashi’s collaborative projects — the art journal LTTR and the traveling project MOBILIVRE-BOOKMOBILE — give life to the empowering slogans found on her “Feminist Body Pillow” (2013) sculpture, and disseminate Riot Grrrl’s legacy of collective education made by and for young women in ways a museum exhibit could never do.

Installation view, 'Alien She' at Yerba Buena Center for the Arts, 2014 (images courtesy Phocasso and Yerba Buena Center for the Arts, San Francisco)

Installation view of work by L.J. Roberts in ‘Alien She’ at Yerba Buena Center for the Arts, 2014 (images courtesy Phocasso and Yerba Buena Center for the Arts, San Francisco) (click to enlarge)

And who were these young women bringing Riot Grrrl to the world? “Every girl is a riot grrrl” the saying goes, and Alien She supports this universalizing narrative. Besides the documentaries looping in the archival room, the curators’ preference for non-figurative artwork makes it hard to actually envision who the riot grrrls were, outside of key musicians like Kathleen Hanna and Carrie Brownstein. Allyson Mitchell’s illustrated Lesbian Herstory Archives and L.J. Roberts’s knit and woven militant banners most clearly demonstrate the strength and pitfalls of this open-ended representational strategy. Powerfully, these works symbolize collective desires for a world without rape, AIDS, eating disorders, and other forms of sexualized violence. They necessarily reclaim “girl power” from the popular media’s sanitized renderings of it, and define Riot Grrrl through a shared set of political concerns rather than the physical appearances of the women involved. On the other hand, the fissures around racism, transphobia, and class privilege present within Riot Grrrl are smoothed over in these pieces, and in the exhibition as a whole; what’s here corroborates an idealized image of unity that does not match up to the experiences of transfolks and women of color in the movement. It’s hard to imagine what a show that better reflected these contradictions would look like. As it is, Alien She is a structurally flawed but visually stimulating introduction to a movement that dared to dream grrrls could run the world.

Installation view, 'Alien She' at Yerba Buena Center for the Arts, 2014 (image courtesy Phocasso and Yerba Buena Center for the Arts, San Francisco)

Installation view show Ginger Brooks Takahashi’s “Feminist Body Pillow” (2003) in ‘Alien She’ at Yerba Buena Center for the Arts, 2014 (image courtesy Phocasso and Yerba Buena Center for the Arts, San Francisco)

Alien She continues at the Yerba Buena Center for the Arts (701 Mission Street, San Francisco) through January 25.

Thea Quiray Tagle, PhD is an Assistant Professor of Ethnic Studies and Gender & Sexuality Studies at the University of Massachusetts, Boston. She writes and thinks a lot about socially engaged art...

3 replies on “Art in the Grip of Riot Grrrl”

  1. Great analysis Thea. I’ve been having this conversation frequently since the show was announced, about the balance between inclusivity and exclusivity struck by RiotGrrl. I’m impressed by how many women a decade younger than myself feel connected to this movement. As a high schooler, I was living RiotGrrl, yet as much as I loved feminism and punk rock, I experienced the movement as a media phenomenon that glorified a handful of emotionally unstable white girls from the Northwest and made little space for the rest of us. I guess RiotGrrl inherited both the imperatives and the problems of mainstream feminism and punk, in its way.

    Looking forward to seeing this show when it opens at Orange County Museum of Art in February.

  2. Read STARBURN: THE STORY OF JENNI LOVE (by Rosalyn Drexler)…in: A CULTURAL DICTIONARY OF PUNK…A brutal mash-up of Patti Smith, Joan JETT, Ari Up (of the Slits), Poly Styrene (of X-Ray Spex) as well as an EERIE PREMONITION OF RIOT GRRRL…

  3. I’m on the wrong coast and can’t see this in person, so I appreciate your well articulated analysis a lot.

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