New York City has public art that’s older than the city itself. Stones carved before Manhattan was an overgrown island glimpsed in Henry Hudson’s eye are on public view, outside of museums. Although they journeyed thousands of miles across the oceans and centuries across time, these artifacts of antiquity often go overlooked.
Column of Jerash (c. 120 CE)
Flushing Meadows Corona Park, Queens
Just a short walk from the Queens Museum in Flushing Meadows Corona Park, a 30-foot tall marble column first erected in 120 CE stands in the shade of a tree grove. The Column of Jerash arrived in New York City for the 1964 World’s Fair, part of Jordan’s pavilion. According to NYC Parks, the Jordanian pavilion was one of 36 foreign countries participating in the fair, with their space featuring domes adorned with gold mosaics. Despite the focus of the fair being the Space Age — the pavilion was alongside the Court of the Astronauts — the ancient column was Jordan’s celebratory gift to the city. It was originally part of the Temple of Artemis in Jerash, and is also known as the Whispering Column of Jerash as in a temple you could stand in the center of the Corinthian columns and hear your whisper resonate around the walls.
Remains of the World’s Fair are scarce, yet the column encircled by low shrubs mostly goes unnoticed in its quiet part of the park, and the Jordan pavilion tends to be remembered more for its caustic anti-Israel mural.
Cleopatra’s Needle (c. 1450 BCE)
East Side of Central Park at 81st Street, Manhattan
Cleopatra’s Needle in Central Park is the city’s best-known antiquity on public view. The Central Park Conservancy cites it as the “oldest outdoor monument in New York City.” Part of a pair, the obelisk was erected in about 1450 BCE when Pharaoh Thutmose III commissioned it for a Heliopolis sun temple. Despite the name, it really has nothing to do with Cleopatra. Alongside the Nile it towered for centuries, until 1869 when it was gifted to New York City. Previously in 1819 its fellow Heliopolis column was given to England, and it stands on the Victorian Embankment of the Thames in London.
The adjacent Metropolitan Museum of Art explored the obelisk’s journey to New York in a 2013–14 exhibition. The 69-foot, 220-ton stone monolith first sailed across the Atlantic Ocean, then up the Hudson, before processing to the park and standing as tall as when it was completed in ancient Egypt.
Pompeii Columns of Delmonico’s (pre-79 CE)
56 Beaver Street, Lower Manhattan
On either side of Delmonicos, one of the city’s oldest restaurants, are two Corinthian columns that were supposedly brought over from Pompeii. However, their exact provenance is vague, and the Landmarks Preservation Commission safely gives them a “reputed” ranking.
Either way, they do appear quite old, and have a deep history with Manhattan. They were originally installed at Delmonico’s on Williams Street, which was wrecked in the Great Fire of 1835 (along with much of Lower Manhattan). No one apparently found there to be anything ominous about the columns being linked to the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 CE and the destruction of the Roman city of Pompeii, and also the ravaging of New York City by flames. So when Delmonico’s rebuilt, the columns were salvaged for a place of honor on either side of the entrance.
Roman Urn of Grace Church (c. 37–68 CE)
Broadway at East 10th Street, Manhattan
For over a century on the lawn outside of Grace Church on Broadway and East 10th Street in Manhattan, a terra-cotta urn dating to the era of Emperor Nero has contrasted against the building’s spindly Gothic architecture. A 1916 issue of Crockery and Glass Journal (which, alas, does not publish in the 21st century) stated that it once had a plaque that read: “An amphora, or Pompeiian urn, about 3,000 years old, excavated some years ago, and one of the four now in existence, is set on the grounds north of the church.”
A March newsletter from the church stated that it was recently in need of repair due to a piece falling off, and was subsequently dismantled for conservation by Center Art Studio. Their missive explains that it arrived at Grace Church in 1885, excavated in Rome during the construction of the Church of St. Paul within the Walls. The then-rector of the church brought it to New York as part of a pair, although one caught the gaze of a parishioner and it subsequently continued its journey to Newport, Rhode Island.
Roman Columns of Untermyer Gardens (Ancient Rome)
945 N Broadway, Yonkers, New York
For a bonus inclusion, just north of New York City in Yonkers are two stunning ancient Roman columns overlooking the Hudson River. Installed at Untermyer Gardens, the estate of Samuel Untermyer from 1899 to his death in 1940, they are positioned at the end of 135 steps flanked by Japanese cedars.
According to the Untermyer Gardens Conservancy, the columns originated at the estate of architect and artist Stanford White. Standing 23 feet tall and carved from Cipollino marble, they’re considered by some to be the tallest ancient columns in the Western Hemisphere created from one piece of stone. Untermyer was inspired by the stairs at Italy’s Renaissance-era Villa D’Este, where steps lead down to Lake Como. Here in Yonkers, they bring visitors to the Hudson, and the columns frame the view.
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I lived near Central Park but have not seen Cleopatra’s Needle.
More about the Egyptian obelisk in Central Park here, including an engraving published when it was first installed: http://www.georgeglazer.com/prints/antiquity/cpobelisk.html
Very interesting Thank you.
This is really cool and interesting! After finding my beautiful condo unit over on corcoran.com I decided to do research on the history around NY as I knew this place was rich in history. Since I live so close to Corona Park I checked out the column of Jerash and it’s really cool to see it’s stood the test of time!
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