In 2012, CeCe McDonald, an African American transgender woman from Minneapolis, accepted a plea bargain for 41 months in a men’s prison on manslaughter charges after she defended herself from a racist and transphobic attack outside a bar. Many felt McDonald had been punished for surviving a hate crime, and her imprisonment sparked a wave of “Free Cece!” protests. By the time she was released, she’d become a folk hero in the trans rights movement.
McDonald is one of the activists featured in Whose Feminism Is It Anyway?, a solo show of work by Los Angeles–based artist Andrea Bowers, now on view at Andrew Kreps Gallery. Bowers uses a variety of mediums — photography, photorealistic graphite drawings, video installation, and sculpture — to document trans women activists of color committed to direct action and civil disobedience. The work protests the ongoing anti-trans violence epidemic: 70% of hate motivated murders are committed against trans women, and 80% of those are trans women of color.
The exhibit centers around a series of large-scale, full-length portraits of three trans women activists: CeCe McDonald, now the subject of a forthcoming documentary on anti-trans violence; Johanna Saavedra, Northwest Co-chair of the Trans Latina Coalition; and Jennicet Gutierrez, co-founder of Familia: Trans Queer Liberation Movement. In these photographs, members of the nation’s most victimized minority group are feminine and battle-ready in angel wings and garlands, wielding hammers, guns, and bricks. Composition-wise, the portraits are reinterpretations of images from Bowers’s vast archive of historical activist material, which is piled up in the middle of the gallery for visitors to rifle through.
Some overtly political art suffers from prioritizing its message above its visual impact and, as a result, risks feeling preachy or gimmicky, socially conscious but aesthetically flaccid. In Bowers’s work, on the other hand, the underlying political message seems to only be strengthened by her technical virtuosity. Still, details of the surrounding politics are somewhat obscured by style — the one crucial thing the show lacks is contextual information on who, exactly, these activists are and the roles they play in the trans liberation movement. It’s possible to leave without a clear sense of their stories, especially if you miss the back room video installation in which McDonald and Gutierrez discuss their activist work.
Jennicet Gutierrez, an undocumented trans immigrant activist, poses for a symbolically loaded portrait holding a gun and wearing a black hood. Gutierrez made a name for herself last year after she interrupted President Obama during a speech at the White House about LGBTQ rights. “President Obama,” she yelled, “release all LGBTQ immigrants from detention and stop all deportations.” (She was forcibly removed from the banquet shortly thereafter.)
In “Building a Movement,” Cece McDonald stands wearing braids and black-feathered angel wings, a sledgehammer tucked in her sash. This avenging Angel of Liberty, inspired by an illustration by Walter Crane, is backdropped by a giant crane over Sunset Boulevard, “a nod to movement building and a city in transition,” Bowers writes.
Johanna Saavedra, born in Guadalajara, Mexico, co-chairs the Trans Latina Coalition. In Bowers’s photograph, she wears strappy red heels and throws a brick down a palm-tree lined street. The image is modeled after “Beauty in the Street,” a 1968 French Situationist poster. It’s also a clear reference to the Stonewall Riots, during which black trans activist Marsha P. Johnso allegedly threw the first brick. The show’s title — Who’s Feminism Is It Anyway? — alludes to how many accepted accounts of Stonewall Riots and the LGBTQ movement they sparked downplay or exclude the role trans activists played. Bowers’s photographs restore some of their visibility, but it also asks the viewer to do some homework. Even when stripped of their political and social context, Bowers’s portraits are visually arresting in their color, composition, and symbolism, but they pack a real punch when paired with their subjects’ backstories.
Andrea Bowers: Whose Feminism Is It Anyway? continues at Andrew Kreps Gallery until March 26.
Did You Know These Museums Were Free for New Yorkers?
The “Free Admission” campaign is advocating to make ticket pricing information more transparent to visitors, who may be confused or misled by institutions’ language.
AI Images Visualizing Trump’s Arrest Send Internet Into a Frenzy
The pictures, created using Midjourney, depict the former president’s greatest fantasy: being dragged away by police in front of the cameras.
Haggerty Museum of Art Presents Tomás Saraceno in Dialogue With Dr. Somesh Roy
The artist and researcher will explore soot’s effects on climate change and public health in this online conversation.
Some AI Artworks Now Eligible for Copyright
New guidance from the US Copyright Office sets some policies around AI-generated images.
NYC Hispanic Society Workers to Strike Indefinitely
One worker said the museum’s “skeletal” workforce bars the institution from functioning to its potential.
McKnight Visual Artist Fellows Discussion Series at the Minneapolis Institute of Art
The series features 2021 Fellows David Bowen, Mara Duvra, Rotem Tamir, Ben Moren, and Dyani White Hawk in conversation with renowned curators and critics.
In Search of Inclusive South Asian Futurisms
We have been dangerously siloed for far too long by colonial constructs of race, nation, and time that separate, divide, and deny us our very being.
What Do Shtreimels and Cowboy Hats Have in Common?
A chance meeting on the subway introduced photographer Francesca Magnani to the multicultural world of Brooklyn milliner Richard Faison.
Nevada Museum of Art Presents Adaline Kent: The Click of Authenticity
For the first time in nearly 60 years, the innovative yet under-recognized artist is the subject of a retrospective exhibition. On view in Reno, Nevada.
Richard Hull Completes the Picture
Once known for his abstracted portraits, the Chicago artist is now exploring new directions.
You Too Can Have Your Art on a Postage Stamp
The process isn’t complicated, and thousands of people submit themselves for the talent pool every year.
The Public Theater in NYC Presents Plays for the Plague Year
Pulitzer Prize-winning playwright Suzan-Lori Parks’s theatrical concert chronicles the 2020 lockdown and the hope and perseverance that emerged from it.
Bobby Wilson Combats Indigenous Stereotypes Through Humor
The artist-performer’s career undulates, ever so gracefully, across multiple mediums and registers of generational pain, healing laughter, and Indigenous joy.
Rare 19th-Century Silhouette Album’s Secrets Unlocked
Traveling portrait artist William Bache’s album depicts famous figures like Thomas Jefferson as well as people whose identity was previously unknown.