Art

Peering into a Caravan Haunted by Marionettes

Janet Cardiff & George Bures Miller: The Marionette Maker
Janet Cardiff and George Bures Miller, “The Marionette Maker” (2014), mixed-media installation including caravan, marionettes, robotics, audio, and lighting, installed at Luhring Augustine (all photos by the author for Hyperallergic)

As the sounds of a storm fill the gallery, the illuminated caravan begins to clatter with life. Whisks spin in the sink, shoes stomp on the floor, a tiny piano plinks out light notes. Some uncanny marionettes dance and strum a guitar, while others that seem hastily globbed together from clay shiver on their strings. At one end of the trailer is a sleeping woman who looks not unlike artist Janet Cardiff, who, with her collaborator George Bures Miller, created this fusion of puppets and sound. Above and beside her, their strange creations seem to vie for her unconscious attention.

Janet Cardiff & George Bures Miller: The Marionette Maker
Janet Cardiff and George Bures Miller, “The Marionette Maker” (detail) (2014), mixed-media installation including caravan, marionettes, robotics, audio, and lighting (click to enlarge)

The Marionette Maker, now at Luhring Augustine, marks the American debut of the Canadian duo’s 2014 artwork of the same name, originally commissioned by the Reina Sofia for the Palacio de Cristal in Madrid. While the white-walled gallery, even with the lights turned down, doesn’t have much on the architectural ambience of that Spanish “Crystal Palace,” even in Chelsea “The Marionette Maker” is a pop-up carnival of atmosphere. From the eyeless wooden horse careening wildly on its puppet hooves to the huge speakers eerily turning below a black umbrella atop the caravan, the installation is what it might look and sound like if David Lynch staged a Punch and Judy show.

The piece is joined at Luhring Augustine by Cardiff and Miller’s “Experiment in F# Minor” (2013), in which speakers on a table are controlled by the shadows of visitors. Whereas “The Marionette Maker” is voyeuristic, “Experiment in F# Minor” requires some level of involvement: it’s only activated when a passing person casts their silhouette over the sound array or lifts a hand (without touching, of course) above one of the speakers, each of which plays music in that ominous key of F# Minor.

Much like the pair’s 2012 “Murder of Crows” at the Park Avenue Armory, wherein a short narrative based on dreams played through 98 speakers arranged in the darkness of the drill hall, “The Marionette Maker” is ambiguous in its narrative. The piece contains suggestions of connections: the ship in an illustration on the ceiling above the woman’s head appears rocking on the waves in one window, and a scene of the Lilliputians from Gulliver’s Travels on another wall seems to foreshadow the puppet swarm around her. And like Cardiff’s best-known piece — “The Forty Part Motet,” an 11-minute, 40-speaker installation that plays the 16th-century “Spem in alium” — the experience constantly changes depending on where you stand.

Throughout the 14-minute loop of “The Marionette Maker,” a tiny opera performance plays out — you can watch it from three well-worn theater seats — and the sounds of an airplane seem to pass overhead. Windows open at the top of the trailer show stars flying by. It’s impossible to see everything at once — you’re locked outside, just another specter, creeping up on this nighttime scene and catching glimpses of a strange dream.

Janet Cardiff & George Bures Miller: The Marionette Maker
Janet Cardiff and George Bures Miller, “The Marionette Maker” (detail) (2014), mixed-media installation including caravan, marionettes, robotics, audio, and lighting
Janet Cardiff & George Bures Miller: The Marionette Maker
Janet Cardiff and George Bures Miller, “The Marionette Maker” (detail) (2014), mixed-media installation including caravan, marionettes, robotics, audio, and lighting
Janet Cardiff and George Bures Miller, "The Marionette Maker" (detail) (2014), mixed media installation including caravan, marionettes, robotics, audio, and lighting
Janet Cardiff and George Bures Miller, “The Marionette Maker” (detail) (2014), mixed-media installation including caravan, marionettes, robotics, audio, and lighting
Janet Cardiff & George Bures Miller: The Marionette Maker
Janet Cardiff and George Bures Miller, “The Marionette Maker” (detail) (2014), mixed-media installation including caravan, marionettes, robotics, audio, and lighting
Janet Cardiff & George Bures Miller: The Marionette Maker
Janet Cardiff and George Bures Miller, “The Marionette Maker” (detail) (2014), mixed-media installation including caravan, marionettes, robotics, audio, and lighting
Janet Cardiff & George Bures Miller: The Marionette Maker
Janet Cardiff and George Bures Miller, “The Marionette Maker” (detail) (2014), mixed-media installation including caravan, marionettes, robotics, audio, and lighting
Janet Cardiff & George Bures Miller: The Marionette Maker
Janet Cardiff and George Bures Miller, “The Marionette Maker” (detail) (2014), mixed-media installation including caravan, marionettes, robotics, audio, and lighting
Janet Cardiff & George Bures Miller: The Marionette Maker
Janet Cardiff and George Bures Miller, “Experiment in F# Minor” (2013), 72-channel audio installation including speakers, photosensors, and wooden worktables

Janet Cardiff and George Bures Miller: The Marionette Maker continues at Luhring Augustine (531 West 24th Street, Chelsea, Manhattan) through June 11.

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