In practice, though, photographs remain highly susceptible to copyright infringement—especially in the digital age, when images can be captured and circulated with just a few clicks. “The general public feels much more comfortable taking liberties with the copyrights of photographs, as opposed to the copyrights of songs or sculptures or paintings,” Deal told me recently, from his law office in Charlottesville, Virginia. “It’s very easy to say, ‘Oh, it’s just a photo—I found it online.’ ” Fifty-one years old, with a shaved head and an athletic build, Deal began his career as a professional photographer. He made the switch to copyright law, a decade ago, because he’d seen his own work reproduced without his permission, including once on a highway billboard. Up to a certain point, he acknowledged, the loose standards can benefit artists. Both Vivian Maier’s and Mike Disfarmer’s work first attracted attention because collectors took it upon themselves to make and publish prints. The problem is that, when their art gained worldwide acclaim, the wrong parties profited from it. “Until recently, there was almost no pushback against people who just kind of declared themselves the curators and administrators of found work,” Deal said.

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  • And Paris Marx, writing for Jacobin, adds the following about the Space Barons:

Over the past few years, as the billionaire space race has escalated, the public has become increasingly familiar with its grand visions for our future. SpaceX’s Elon Musk wants us to colonize Mars and claims the mission of his space company is to lay the infrastructure to do just that. He wants humanity to be a “multiplanetary” species, and he claims a Martian colony would be a backup plan in case Earth becomes uninhabitable.

Meanwhile, Bezos doesn’t have much time for Mars colonization. Instead, he believes we should build large structures in Earth’s orbit where the human population can grow to a trillion people without further harming the planet’s environment. As we live out our lives in O’Neill cylinders, as they’re called, we’ll take occasional vacations down to the surface to experience the wonder of the world we once called home.

The Swedish Academy’s embrace of Handke comes at a time when far-right movements worldwide have also seized elements of 1990s Serbian nationalism as fuel for violent fantasies from Utøya, Norway, to Christchurch, New Zealand. The consequences of this literary-political entanglement will surely be far reaching, and not just for the history of the Yugoslav wars.

In the 1960s, psychologist Israel Charny began to study genocide denial, compiling various strategies used by denialists of the Armenian genocide. Denial was not, as the commonplace notion goes, just a statement, “I deny X happened.” Instead, Charny found that templates of denial mostly begin with a recognition of some deaths and then proceed to create uncertainty about the factual record and replace it with other stories. Most frequent are claims that deaths took place chaotically, implying that they were not organized, and declarations that the victims were actually powerful while perpetrators acted in self-defense or in some other justifiable way.

Crucially, denialists sometimes acknowledge violence in order to appear reasonable only to use that appearance to promote other narratives as plausible alternatives (“now we need to debate this”). It is that pivot that historian Deborah Lipstadt called the “Yes, but …” strategy, one of the most common denialist tropes.

Far from being a decentralized, libertarian alternative to traditional monetary systems, crypto “is controlled by a powerful cartel of wealthy figures,” he said, who have “evolved to incorporate many of the same institutions tied to the existing centralized financial system they supposedly set out to replace.”

Meanwhile the rich get richer and the most vulnerable investors are exposed to the most risk, he said.

  • Some climate change news … first, from NASA:

While focusing on the pursuit of continued economic growth for its own sake will be futile, the study finds that technological progress and increased investments in public services could not just avoid the risk of collapse, but lead to a new stable and prosperous civilization operating safely within planetary boundaries. But we really have only the next decade to change course.

Scientists who analyzed the body camera footage from more than 100 police officers have found a subtle but clear pattern: During traffic stops, officers spoke to Black men in a less respectful and less friendly tone than they did to white men.

This disparity in treatment is not only real, but may help to fuel a cycle of mistrust between police and the Black community, the researchers reported this week in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.

  • Pornhub is one of the biggest websites in the world yet people know nothing about the owner, Bernd Bergmair. This Vice news report tracks him down (you have to watch in on YouTube):
  • Journalist Aleksandre Lashkarava was killed in the country of Georgia while covering an anti-LGBTQ+ protest in the capital. There is a spike in anti-queer violence in the country and Lashkarava is the latest victim. Journalists joined forces to protest the death at a governmental press conference:

Required Reading is published every Saturday, and it is comprised of a short list of art-related links to long-form articles, videos, blog posts, or photo essays worth a second look.

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Artist Minouk Lim wants to offer a very different perspective on how one might deal with a grim history whose effects continue to be felt in the present.

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This week: Should Washington have a national memorial for gun violence? Have cats used us to take over the world? What is Cluttercore? And more.

Hrag Vartanian

Hrag Vartanian is editor-in-chief and co-founder of Hyperallergic. You can follow him at @hragv.